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The original document is at the Truman Presidential Library and Museum, Independence, Missouri.
Supreme Court rules that racially restrictive housing covenants are unenforceable.
The decision curtails the Civil Rights Act of 1875. The Michigan Supreme Court ruled that William Ferguson's civil rights were violated when he was expelled from a Detroit restaurant for refusing to dine in its "colored" section. Constitution of the American Negro Academy (1897) The American Negro Academy was an organization of black intellectuals devoted to the advancement of African Americans. Zfh36Uc William Hooper Councill's Letter to the White People of Alabama (1901).
Supreme Court rules Congress does not have the authority to restrict segregation in public accommodations and public conveyances. Supreme court upholds the validity of a Louisiana statute requiring separation of white and black races in railway coaches. stakes out on the problems and challenges facing African Americans at the dawn of the 20th century - See more at:
Supreme Court rules that states must provide equal, even if separate, educational facilities for African Americans. It also specifically prohibits all federal government agencies from practicing racial discrimination in hiring.
Roosevelt bans racial, ethnic and religious discrimination in hiring in all industrial facilities receiving federal contracts. This order reaffirms and broadens the Fair Employment Practices Committee which was established with Executive Order 8802. As a consequence of a lawsuit initiated by Virginia resident Irene Morgan, The U. Supreme Court rules that segregation on interstate buses is unconstitutional.
In 1832 African American women in Salem, Massachusetts organized the Female Anti-Slavery Society of Salem, the first abolitionist society sponsored exclusively by black women.
The Fugitive Slave Act (1793) This measure passed by Congress was one of the first examples of federal legislation regarding the institution of slavery. Utah’s Slave Code governing the relations between the enslaved in the territory and their owners, was enacted in February 1862. Tennessee Segregation (Jim Crow) Laws, This document lists all of the racially restricted legislation passed by the State of Tennessee during the 89 year Jim Crow era in that state. This act of Congress was the first attempt to protect the civil rights of the newly freed African Americans. These are among the first post-Civil War statutes designed to establish the rights and regulate the behavior of ex-slaves at the state level. These four measures enacted on March 2, March, 23, and July 19, 1867, and March 11, 1868, established the basic provisions for Congressional Reconstruction in the ex-Confederate states including allowing suffrage for African American men. Constitution abolish slavery, declare former enslaved people citizens of the nation and give former enslaved males the right to vote. Supreme Court distinguishes between “state citizenship” and “federal citizenship” and narrows the scope of the 14th Amendment in regard to state actions. Congress attempts to provide a number of rights to African American during the Reconstruction era. Supreme Court holds that states cannot require carriers engaged in interstate commerce to provide integrated facilities even for trips within state borders.
Here is the founding constitution of one of the first black women's organizations in the United States.